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Is This the End of Transformers? Introducing xLSTMs


The team behind the original Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks has unveiled a groundbreaking new architecture: xLSTMs. These promise to revolutionize the field by addressing the limitations of both traditional LSTMs and modern Transformers. Developed in collaboration between NXAI and Johannes Kepler University Linz under the guidance of AI pioneer Sepp Hochreiter, xLSTMs leverage the strengths of LSTMs while incorporating cutting-edge technologies to outperform Transformer models in benchmark tests like Llama and Mamba.

xLSTM Diagram

xLSTM: A European Revolution in Language Processing Technology

At the heart of Europe, Sepp Hochreiter's team at NXAI is pushing the boundaries of what's possible in AI with their latest innovation, the xLSTM. This new technology aims to bring the proven reliability of LSTMs into the era of large language models (LLMs) with enhanced efficiency and scalability.

The xLSTM Architecture

The xLSTM introduces two novel concepts that set it apart from existing technologies:

1. Exponential Gating

This mechanism allows for dynamic revision of storage decisions, which helps overcome the rigidity of traditional LSTM gates, enabling more flexible and efficient processing of information.

2. New Variants of xLSTM

  • sLSTM: Integrates a scalar memory cell and update mechanism with a unique memory mixing feature, stabilizing the exponential gates through a normalizing state.
  • mLSTM: Utilizes a matrix memory approach, optimizing the storage of key-value pairs through a covariance update rule, which significantly enhances the capacity and retrieval accuracy.

xLSTM Internal Structure

Performance and Applications

Preliminary results show that xLSTMs not only require less computing power but also surpass current Transformer-based models in both speed and accuracy. This breakthrough is particularly significant in complex text comprehension and generation tasks, positioning xLSTM as a viable alternative for next-generation AI applications.

Future Perspectives and Conclusion

With xLSTM, Sepp Hochreiter and his team at NXAI are not just continuing a legacy of innovation; they are reshaping the future of AI. This new architecture could potentially replace Transformers as the go-to technology in many AI applications, given its superior performance and efficiency.

For further reading and resources on xLSTM, visit:

NXAI is hosting a series of webinars and workshops to introduce xLSTM to researchers and developers. For more details and to register, click here.

About the Author

Sepp Hochreiter, the chief scientist at NXAI, has been at the forefront of AI research since the early '90s. His work continues to influence and drive innovation across the AI landscape.

Sepp Hochreiter

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